Legislative Tracker Archive: Loans & Repayment

Legislative TrackerOn this page, you'll find previous proposals to improve the process by which students borrow and repay their loans.

 

 

115th Session of Congress (2017-2018)

 

Affordable Loans for Any Student Act
S. 3584 Sponsor:
Sen. Merkley (D-OR)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (0 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
10/11/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill tackles several issues related to student loan affordability, complexity, and consumer information. The bill would end federal loan origination fees and the practice of interest capitalization as well as reduce the number of repayment plans to two: an income-based repayment plan, which would now be available to Parent PLUS borrowers, and a fixed 10-year plan. The Affordable Loans for Any Student Act would also simplify the process to enroll in either repayment plan.
       
Recent Grads in Start-Ups and Innovation Act
HR 6579 Sponsor:
Rep. Aguilar (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
7/26/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: Under this bill, borrowers owning small businesses (as defined in the Small Business Act) would be eligible for deferment on their Federal Direct Loans for up to four years. To be eligible, borrowers must verify they have at least one employee and that their business is located in a qualified “opportunity zone” (defined as an economically-distressed community certified by the Treasury Department and IRS). The bill would require ED and the Small Business Administration to submit a report to Congress on program outcomes one year after the first granted deferment.
       
Aim Higher Act
HR 6543 Sponsor:
Rep. Scott (D-VA)
Co-Sponsors:
57 (0 R; 57 D)
Introduced:
7/26/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The Aim Higher Act is a comprehensive Higher Education Act (HEA) reauthorization bill with notable changes to the federal student aid programs. 
       
Parent PLUS Improvement Act
HR 6280 Sponsor:
Rep. Fudge (D-OH)
Co-Sponsors:
12 (0 R; 12 D)
Introduced:
6/28/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This piece of legislation would make several changes to the Parent PLUS Loan program. The legislation would lower interest rates, eliminate the origination fee, require in-person or online loan entrance counseling, and allow Parent PLUS borrowers to participate in income-contingent and income-based repayment plans.
       
HELPS Act
S. 3124 Sponsor:
Sen. Heitkamp (D-ND)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
6/25/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: Under this bill, the Help Encourage a Lifetime of Public Service (HELPS) Act, interest would not accrue for qualifying loans made on or after the bill's enactment date for individuals employed in public service fields as outlined in the Higher Education Act. Eligible borrowers would be required to submit an annual employment certification form in order to receive the waiver each year. The bill would add 'volunteer first responder' and 'employee or manager of a qualified farm or ranch' to the 'public service job' definition.
       
Protecting JOBs Act
S. 3065 Sponsor:
Sen. Rubio (R-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
6/14/2018
HR 6156 Sponsor:
Rep. Ferguson (R-GA)
Co-Sponsors:
5 (2 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
6/20/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Protecting Job Opportunities for Borrowers (JOBs) Act, would prohibit states from suspending, revoking, or denying state-issued professional licenses or issuing penalties based solely on an individual's default or delinquency status on a Title IV student loan.
       
Strengthening American Communities Act
S. 2984 Sponsor:
Sen. Cardin (D-MD)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/24/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would provide free tuition at community colleges for a student's first two years and a tuition reduction for low-income students in their first two years at minority-serving institutions. To be eligible, states would be required to put up 25% of the funds with other completion and outcomes requirements, while the federal government would contribute 75% of funds. The bill would also create the “National Public Service Education Grant Program” (NPSEG), a first dollar grant program that would cover the average cost of in-state tuition, fees, and room and board for two years. Students attending minority-serving institutions would receive actual cost for tuition, fees, and room and board for two years. If a gap exists between the federal grant and aforementioned costs, institutions would commit to cover the difference using grant and work-study awards. To qualify for NPSEG, students would agree to work for at least 3 years in a public service job after graduation. Failure to graduate or complete the service requirement would mean the previously awarded grant would be treated as a Federal Direct Unsubsidized Loan. The bill would create an accelerated Public Service Loan Forgiveness program for NPSEG recipients.
       
STEM K to Career Act
HR 5962 Sponsor:
Rep. Swalwell (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (0 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
5/24/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would provide loan forgiveness for full-time STEM teachers employed by approved low-income schools and educational service agencies. 
       
Skilled Labor Education Act
HR 5944 Sponsor:
Rep. Maloney (D-NY)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/23/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would create multiple grant programs to support the training of career and technical education (CTE) teachers. Under the “Scholarships to Prepare Career and Technical Education Teachers” provision, institutions offering approved education programs would qualify to award scholarships of $5,000 per academic year (maximum of two years) to selected teacher candidates. After graduation, recipients would be obligated to serve as full-time CTE teachers at a secondary school for each year of scholarship support they received. Failure to comply would mean the previously awarded scholarship would be treated as a Federal Direct Unsubsidized Loan. The bill would also cancel Federal Perkins Loans for eligible part-time public service.
       
Jobs for Justice Act Act
HR 5785 Sponsor:
Rep. Richmond (D-LA)
Co-Sponsors:
44 (0 R; 44 D)
Introduced:
5/11/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This comprehensive bill would make several changes to several federal student aid programs. The bill would make adjustments to the Parent PLUS program, including reducing interest rates, eliminating origination fees, adding upfront counseling requirements, and the inclusion of Parent PLUS in income-contingent and income-based repayment plans. The bill would allow Early College Pell Grants to be awarded to students enrolled in postsecondary courses offered in high schools in an amount up to the cost of four full-time postsecondary semesters. This early award would count toward the maximum period for which a student may receive Federal Pell Grants. The bill would also make Federal Pell Grants mandatory funding, setting the maximum Pell Grant award at $6,420 for award year 2020 and restoring the annual inflation-adjustment on the maximum award moving forward. In addition, the legislation would reinstate Pell eligibility for incarcerated individuals. Further, the bill would create a federal partnership grant with states and Indian tribes to waive tuition and fees for two years at eligible community colleges, as well as grant programs to waive or significantly reduce tuition and fees for eligible students at 4-year HBCUs and MSIs. This act would create a grant program to support employers hiring recent college graduates, and to compensate recent college graduates in taking additional STEM courses. The bill would also extend PSLF to environmental health workers.
       
REDI Act
HR 5734 Sponsor:
Rep. Babin (R-TX)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/9/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Resident Education Deferred Interest (REDI) Act, would provide interest-free deferment on student loans for borrowers serving in a medical or dental internship or residency program.
       
HIGHER ED Act
HR 5549 Sponsor:
Rep. Rep. DeFazio (D-OR)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
4/18/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Helping Individuals Get a Higher Education while Reducing Education Debt (HIGHER ED) Act, would reinstate graduate student eligibility for the Direct subsidized loan and allow borrowers to discharge student loans in bankruptcy. It would also narrow repayment plan enrollment options to one standard and one income-based plan and raise the minimum salary threshold for IDR plans to 225 percent of the federal poverty level. IDR interest accrual would be capped at 50 percent of the original loan principal. The bill would also mandate ED and the Department of the Treasury to conduct a study on determining family size for automatic IDR recertification. Additionally, the HIGHER ED Act would create a refinancing program for FFEL and Direct loans and allow monthly payments made before refinancing to count towards the 120 qualifying payments for PSLF. This legislation would also provide loan forgiveness to adjunct faculty at vocational institutions and Tribal Colleges or Universities.
 
FARMS Act
S. 2684 Sponsor:
Sen. Udall (D-NM)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (1 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
4/17/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Flexible Agricultural Repayments and Modifying Schedules (FARMS) Act, would allow certain qualifying agricultural producers to make federal student loan payments on a quarterly, biannual, or annual basis.
       
Student Loan Forgiveness for Farmers and Ranchers Act
S. 2682 Sponsor:
Sen. Murphy (D-CT)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
4/17/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would create a new federal student loan forgiveness program, structured similarly to PSLF, for employees or managers of a qualified farm or ranch. The program would require 120 qualifying monthly payments after which any remaining balance would be canceled. 
       
Debt-Free College Act
HR 5384 Sponsor:
Rep. Pocan (D-WI)
Co-Sponsors:
23 (0 R; 23 D)
Introduced:
3/22/2018
S. 2598 Sponsor:
Sen. Schatz (D-HI)
Co-Sponsors:
8 (0 R; 8 D)
Introduced:
3/22/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would create a new federal-state partnership program that aims to assist students in covering the full cost of attendance at public institutions by requiring participating states to provide a "debt-free college commitment" to eligible students. Eligible students must be enrolled in a public institution, complete the FAFSA, and maintain satisfactory academic progress (SAP). Funds available as part of this federal-state partnership would be disbursed first to Pell Grant recipients (to cover all unmet need) and then to all remaining students with unmet need (to cover part or all of unmet need).  
       
Education for Jobs Act
HR 5371 Sponsor:
Rep. Lujan Grisham (D-NM)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
3/21/2018

NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would expand eligibility for Direct Loans to students enrolled in at least three credit hours (or the equivalent coursework) in a program leading to a degree or certificate as long as the student was employed on a full-time basis for not less than 10 years. 

 
STRIVE Act
HR 4914 Sponsor:
Rep. Norcross (D-NJ)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
2/2/2018
S. 2370 Sponsor:
Sen. Booker (D-NJ)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
2/5/2018

NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Supporting the Teaching profession through Revitalizing Investments in Valuable Educators (STRIVE) Act, would make several changes to teacher loan forgiveness and the TEACH Grant, among other provisions aimed at elementary and secondary education teachers. Regarding teacher loan forgiveness, the bill would create a new teacher loan forgiveness program. The program would provide incremental loan forgiveness to teachers (15% to certain teachers based on subject area per year for 5 years; 10% to remaining full-time teachers per year for 6 years; and 5% for part-time teachers per year for 6 years). Qualifying teachers would receive total forgiveness a year following the partial forgiveness period, as long as the teacher remains in a qualifying position. The bill would also increase the TEACH Grant annual amount to $12,000 (from $4,000) and would increase the aggregate limit accordingly (from $16,000 to $48,000 for undergraduate and post-baccalaureate students and from $8,000 to $16,000 for graduate students). The bill makes a few adjustments to eligibility and develops a process to forgive a certain percentage of a TEACH Grant loan conversion based on partial fulfillment of the service obligation.

       
Public Service Loan Forgiveness Inclusion Act
HR 4859 Sponsor:
Rep. Foster (D-IL)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (0 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
1/19/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill would allow previously ineligible repayment plan payments to become eligible as a "qualifying payment" for the purpose of Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) if a borrower transfers to an eligible repayment plan within five years (first 60 payments) of entering full time employment. Currently ineligible repayment plans for PSLF include the graduated and extended plans.
       
Domenic's Law
S. 2258 Sponsor:
Sen. Portman (R-OH)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 1 D; 1 I)
Introduced:
12/20/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow a parent whose dependent develops a total and permanent disability to qualify for student loan discharge of loans borrowed on behalf of the dependent for his or her education.
       
College Loan Deferment for Recovery Act
HR 4597 Sponsor:
Rep. MacArthur (R-NJ)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (0 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
12/7/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow federal student loan borrowers (Direct Loans, FFELP, and Perkins) enrolled in a "drug treatment program," which must be "certified or licensed by a State to provide drug treatment in the State," to defer their loans for the period of enrollment in the drug treatment program and 30 days following enrollment. Interest on Unsubsidized Stafford Loans would not accrue. 
       
Student Security Act
HR 4584
Sponsor:
Rep. Garrett (R-VA)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (4 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
12/7/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would provide loan forgiveness "credits" to federal student loan borrowers in exchange for voluntarily delaying receipt of social security benefits. Each credit equals $550 in loan cancellations. The number of credits a borrower elects to receive delays receipt of social security benefits by the equivalent number of months. 
       
Volunteer First Responder Loan Forgiveness Act
S. 2207 Sponsor:
Sen. Tester (D-MT)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
12/7/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would add "qualified volunteer first responder," which may include "firefighters, law enforcement officers, emergency medical personnel, or other first responders to emergencies," to those eligible for Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF). 
       
PROSPER Act
HR 4508 Sponsor:
Rep. Foxx (R-NC) 
Co-Sponsors:
21 (21 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
12/1/2017 
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The Promoting Real Opportunity, Success, and Prosperity through Education Reform (PROSPER) Act is a comprehensive Higher Education Act (HEA) reauthorization bill with notable changes to the federal student aid programs. 
Status: 12/13/2017: Passed House of Representatives Committee on Education and the Workforce
       
PSLF Technical Corrections Act
HR 4399
Sponsor:
Rep. Boyle (D-PA)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (2 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
11/15/2017
S. 2136 Sponsor:
Sen. Whitehouse (D-RI)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
11/16/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill seeks to extend PSLF eligibility to borrowers who have already invested up to 10 years toward making 120 on-time payments, but may have been unaware that the payment plan in which they enrolled was not sanctioned for forgiveness.
       
Help Students Repay Act
HR 4372
Sponsor:
Rep. Ferguson (R-GA)
Co-Sponsors:
5 (5 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
11/13/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would consolidate the repayment plans into a single income-driven repayment (IDR) plan and a 10-year standard plan. The bill contains safeguards against negative amortization in the IDR plan by capping interest accrual at the 10-year standard plan. 
       
Student Loan Refinancing and Recalculation Act
HR 4001 Sponsor:
Rep. Garamendi (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
19 (2 R; 17 D)
Introduced:
10/10/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow for refinancing of both Direct Loans and FFELP Loans. The bill would also lower the percentage add-on to the 10-year Treasury bill in the calculation of interest rates to one percent for undergraduate, graduate, and parent borrowers. In addition, the bill would eliminate origination fees. 
       
Student Loan Relief Act 
HR 4000 Sponsor:
Rep. Comstock (R-VA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
10/10/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would create a 3-year program to facilitate federal student loan refinancing into the private market, housed in the Department of the Treasury. Refinanced loans under their program would carry a federal government guarantee of 95%. The bill instructs the Departments of Treasury and Education to undertake a national awareness campaign on the temporary refinancing program with a disclose that loans refinanced through this program would not be eligible for income-driven repayment or loan forgiveness. The bill would also exempt employer payments of interest on the refinanced loans from the calculation of gross income for income tax purposes. 
       
Adjunct Faculty Loan Fairness Act
S. 1927 Sponsor:
Sen. Durbin (D-IL)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (0 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
10/5/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill allows part-time adjunct faculty members, who are not employed on a full-time basis by any other employer, to qualify for the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program.
       
Student Loan Fair Prepayment Act
HR 3836 Sponsor:
Rep. Davis (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/26/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would require a borrower's prepayment amount on a Federal Family Education Loan, Federal Direct Loan, or Federal Perkins Loan to be applied first toward outstanding fees and then, unless the borrower requests otherwise, in the following order: (1) toward the principal due on the loan with the highest interest rate, if multiple loans have different interest rates; and (2) toward the principal due on the loan with the highest balance, if multiple loans have the same interest rate. The bill also requires private lenders to apply prepayments in the same way.
       
Eliminating the Hidden Student Loan Tax Act
HR 3835 Sponsor:
Rep. Davis (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/26/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would eliminate origination fees on all Direct Loans, effective on loans disbursed on or after July 1, 2017. 
       
Student Loan Servicer Performance Accountability Act
S. 1675 Sponsor:
Sen. Blunt (R-MO)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (1 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
7/31/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill cancels the Department of Education's 2016 loan servicing solicitations and amendments. The bill prohibits the Department from issuing any future servicing solicitations unless the proposal provides for the participation of multiple servicers that contract directly with the Department and allocates borrower accounts to servicers based on performance. 
       
Student Loan Borrowers' Bill of Rights Act
HR 3630 Sponsor:
Rep. Wilson (D-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
7/28/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill provides bankruptcy protections for federal and private student loans, reestablishes a statute of limitations on student loan debt collection, and prohibits the garnishment of wages, tax refunds, and Social Security benefits. The bill expands PSLF by allowing borrowers in public service jobs the ability to have half of their loan balance forgiven in five years. The bill allows Parent PLUS loans to be repaid through income-based repayment and forgiven through Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF). In addition, the bill prohibits loan default from preventing a student from accessing transcripts or other certifications or from being used against a borrower in a Federal or State proceeding involving the individual's professional or vocation license. The bill also excludes student loan discharge or forgiveness from the calculation of gross income for income tax purposes. 
       
Making College More Affordable Act
HR 3572 Sponsor:
Rep. Cicilline (D-RI)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (0 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
7/28/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would eliminate undergraduate eligibility for Federal Direct Stafford Loans and instead create the "Federal Interest Free Education Loan," where borrowers would repay their loan through mandated automatic deductions from pre-tax income. The loan would have an aggregate limit of $90,000 over four years only. A borrower may consolidate any Federal Direct Loan into the new loan program. Borrowers would repay this loan based on a percentage of their income over the course of 30 years, starting at 4% for those borrowers earning less than $100,000 and increasing progressively with a cap at 10% for borrowers making over $150,000. No payment would be due if a borrower's income is below roughly 337% of the federal poverty line (currently about $40,000 for an individual). In addition, no interest accrues on the loan unless "a borrower is not earning taxable income due to professional negligence, professional incompetence, or malicious action on the part of the borrower." All remaining loan balance would be canceled after 300 monthly payments (25 years), and the balance canceled would be subject to income tax. 
       
GPA Act
HR 3560 Sponsor:
Rep. Aguilar (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
7/28/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Grace Period Alleviation Act, would allow borrowers of Direct Subsidized Loans and Direct Unsubsidized Loans the option to extend the grace period for an additional six months for a total of twelve months. A borrower would be informed of this option by the Department of Education at least 45 days prior to the start of the borrower's repayment period. Subsidized loans would not accrue interest during the grace period extension, but unsubsidized loans would continue to accrue interest during this period. In addition, the bill eliminates the temporary provision that led Direct Subsidized Loans disbursed between July 1, 2012, and July 1, 2014, to accrue interest during the grace period. 
       
SIMPLE Act
HR 3554 Sponsor:
Rep. Bonamici (D-OR)
Co-Sponsors:
5 (2 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
7/28/2017
S. 1712 Sponsor:
Sen. Wyden (D-OR)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
8/2/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Streamlining Income-driven, Manageable Payments on Loans for Education Act, would auto-enroll delinquent borrowers in an income-driven repayment (IDR) plan and automatically recertify income and family size on an annual basis for borrowers already enrolled in IDR plans.
       
Student Opportunity Act
HR 3346 Sponsor:
Rep. Lawson (D-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
12 (0 R; 12 D)
Introduced:
7/20/2017

NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill makes a number of federal lending changes. The bill would eliminate origination fees, create a new loan refinancing program for loans made under the Direct Loan Program and the FFEL Program, and lower interest rates. The refinanced loan would have an administrative fee of not more than .5% and a fixed interest rate of the most recent 10-year Treasury note plus .5%. For loans issued after July 1, 2018, the interest rate for undergraduates would be equal to the 10-year Treasury note plus .5% or 8.25%. For Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford Loans for graduate and professional students, the interest rate would be equal to the June 10-year Treasury note plus .5% or 9.5%. For PLUS loans, the interest rate would be equal to the June 10-year Treasury note plus .5% or 10.5%. In addition, the bill includes a provision to exempt loan forgiveness and discharge from gross income for income tax purposes. 

       
Student Loan Relief Act
S. 1521 Sponsor:
Sen. Nelson (D-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
7/10/2017
HR 3390 Sponsor:
Rep. Castor (D-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
7/25/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill makes a number of federal lending changes. The bill would eliminate origination fees, create a new loan refinancing program for loans made under the Direct Loan Program and the FFEL Program, and lower interest rates. For new loans issued after July 1, 2018, the interest rate for undergraduates would be equal to the lesser of the 10-year Treasury note plus the Federal Reserve discount rate or 4%. For Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford Loans for graduate and professional students, the interest rate would be equal to the lesser of the 10-year Treasury note plus the Federal Reserve discount rate or 5%. For PLUS loans, the interest rate would be equal to the lesser of the 10-year Treasury note plus the Federal Reserve Discount rate or 6%. The bill creates a refinancing program that allows both FFEL and DL borrowers to refinance at current interest rates. For consolidated loans, the interest rate would be equal to a weighted average of the current interest rate for each proportion of the consolidated loan. 
       
ISA Act
HR 3145 Sponsor:
Rep. Messer (R-IN)
Co-Sponsors:
11 (8 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
6/29/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This piece of legislation, the Investing in Student Achievement (ISA) Act, works to establish the legal and tax framework for income-share agreements (ISAs). The bill establishes standard terms and conditions required for a repayment agreement between a private entity and a student to be considered an "income-share agreement" for tax purposes. The bill would exempt proceeds received by a student as part of the income-share agreement to cover education costs from income and asset for need analysis. 
       
Transform Student Debt to Home Equity Act
HR 3134 Sponsor:
Rep. Kaptur (D-OH)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (0 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
6/29/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill authorizes the creation of a two-year pilot program led by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) to incentivize borrowers with federal student loan debt to buy certain homes. The pilot program allows HUD and FHFA to offer any assistance to eligible borrowers jointly deemed appropriate, such as more flexible underwriting or a discount on the appraised value of the home. Eligible properties include those owned by HUD, Fannie Mae, and Freddie Mac (as a result of foreclosure). Eligible applicants include those borrowers with an outstanding balance of principal or interest on FFEL, Direct Loans, or Perkins Loans that are in repayment or in a grace period, but not in litigation, default, or wage garnishment. Eligible applicants may not have owned a home during the past 3 years.
       
Strengthening Loan Forgiveness for Public Servants Act
S. 1412 Sponsor:
Sen. Blumenthal (D-CT)
Co-Sponsors:
9 (0 R; 9 D)
Introduced:
6/22/2017
HR 3026 Sponsor:
Rep. Swalwell (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
5 (0 R; 5 D)
Introduced:
6/22/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This piece of legislation would remove the "all or nothing" component of Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) and allow borrowers employed in public service jobs to receive a percentage of forgiveness if employed in a public service job for less than 10 years. The percentage of the loan that is cancelled varies: for 2-5 years, 15%; for 6-9 years, 20%; and for 10 years, 30%.
       
Fairness in Forgiveness Act
HR 2992 Sponsor:
Rep. Swalwell (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (0 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
6/21/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would expand eligibility for public service loan forgiveness to current and former long-time employees at all 16 privately operated Department of Energy National Laboratories. Eligibility would be retroactive to October 1, 2007. 
       
Deferment for Active Cancer Treatment Act
HR 2976 Sponsor:
Rep. Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
70 (16 R; 54 D)
Introduced:
6/21/2017
S. 3207 Sponsor:
Sen. Nelson (D-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (1 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
7/12/2018
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This piece of legislation would allow federal student loan borrowers who are receiving cancer treatment to defer their loan payments with no interest accrual. 
       
American Arts Revival Act
HR 2970 Sponsor:
Rep. Velazquez (D-NY)
Co-Sponsors:
16 (1 R; 15 D)
Introduced:
6/20/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would expand eligibility for the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program for those employed in the arts and humanities. Specifically, the bill would expand PSLF eligibility to include certain cultural workers, museum professionals, artistic professionals, art and humanities professors, and music and art educators.
       
 Joint Consolidation Loan Separation Act
S. 1384 Sponsor:
Sen. Warner (D-VA)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (2 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
6/20/2017
HR 2949 Sponsor:
Rep. Price (D-NC)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
6/20/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow a married couple or a previously married couple who pursued a joint loan, to separate their consolidation. 
       
RISE Act 
HR 2848 Sponsor:
Rep. Gallego (D-AZ)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
6/8/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The Relief and Investment for Student Entrepreneurs (RISE) Act offers a three-year interest-free deferment period for federal student loans to "qualified entrepreneurs." The bill also allows entrepreneurs who start businesses in Historically Underutilized Business Zones (HUBZones) to receive up to $17,500 in Direct Loan forgiveness.
       
Teacher Loan Repayment Act
S. 1247 Sponsor:
Sen. Hatch (R-UT)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
5/25/2017
HR 2753 Sponsor:
Rep. Kilmer (D-WA)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/26/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would provide a loan repayment program for teachers who are employed in high-need schools. The bill would eliminate the TEACH Grant Program and sunset existing teacher loan forgiveness programs for both Perkins Loan and Direct Loan borrowers. In their place, this piece of legislation would create a new loan repayment program for teachers in low-income schools, as defined in the bill. The program would provide direct loan payments of $250 a month for the first and second year of teaching, $300 a month for the third year of teaching, $350 a month for the fourth year of teaching, and $400 a month for the fifth and sixth year of teaching with a $23,400 aggregate maximum.
       
Native Education Support and Training (NEST) Act
HR 2727 Sponsor:
Rep. Ruiz (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/25/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would establish scholarships, loan forgiveness plans, and training programs for educators who commit to teaching in Native American or Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools. The bill would create three scholarship programs, including two for Indian students seeking undergraduate or graduate degrees, and one for students seeking undergraduate degrees, for students who commit to teaching in a BIE school for at least three years. To receive loan forgiveness, students must teach for at least five consecutive years. The bill also provides grants for institutions of higher education looking to develop training programs for Native American immersion and language teachers.
       
Student Loan Lower Interest Rate and Lower Monthly Payment Refinancing Act
HR 2725 Sponsor:
Rep. Rokita (R-IN)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (0 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
5/25/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would create a new federal student loan refinancing program. Under the bill, borrwers can refinance loans from the FFEL, Direct Loan, and Perkins Loan programs at a variable interest rate (the daily average of 1-month London Inter Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR) for United States dollars in effect for each of the days in the prior calendar quarter as compiled and released by the British Bankers Association plus 3.5%). To pay for the cost of the refinancing program, the bill caps Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) for new borrowers as of 7/1/17 at $57,500 and restores the original terms of the income-based repayment (IBR) plan for graduate and professional student borrowers only for new borrowers as of 7/1/17 from 10% of discrentionary income to 15% and a 25-year repayment period from 20 years.
       
Federal Student Loan Refinancing Act
HR 2718 Sponsor:
Rep. Peters (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
21 (0 R; 21 D)
Introduced:
5/25/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This measure would automatically refinance interest rates on loans made under the Direct Loan Program and the FFEL Program to four percent. The newly consolidated loan will have 0.4% origination fee on the principal balance. 
       
Private Student Loan Bankruptcy Fairness Act 
HR 2527 Sponsor:
Rep. Cohen (D-TN)
Co-Sponsors:
22 (0 R; 22 D)
Introduced:
5/18/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow private student loans to be discharged in bankruptcy.
       
FAIR Student Credit Act
S. 1066 Sponsor:
Sen. Peters (D-MI)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/8/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Federal Adjustment in Reporting (FAIR) Student Credit Act, would allow private loan lenders the ability to offer a loan rehabilitation program with the result of removing a private student loan default from a borrower's credit history if successfully completed. This private loan rehabilitation program would only be available one time per loan if a lender chooses to implement such a program.
       
Discharge Student Loans in Bankruptcy Act 
HR 2366 Sponsor:
Rep. Delaney (D-MD)
Co-Sponsors:
17 (1 R; 16 D)
Introduced:
5/4/2017

NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow all student loans, including both private and government loans, to be discharged in bankruptcy.

       
PLUS Loan Disability Forgiveness Act 
HR 2270 Sponsor:
Rep. Langevin (D-RI)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (2 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
5/1/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow parent PLUS loans to be discharged in the case of a total and permanent disability (TPD) of the student on whose behalf the parent has received the loan. 
       
Ensuring Children's Access to Specialty Care Act 
S. 989 Sponsor:
Sen. Blunt (R-MO)
Co-Sponsors:
6 (1 R; 5 D)
Introduced:
4/28/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This measure would add a pediatric subspecialty residency or fellowship training program to the list of eligible health professions for eligibility for the National Health Service Corps. and corresponding loan repayment assistance. 
       
Protection of Social Security Benefits Restoration Act 
S. 959 Sponsor:
Sen. Wyden (D-OR)
Co-Sponsors:
11 (0 R; 11 D; 1 I)
Introduced:
4/27/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would prohibit the federal government from seizing Social Security benefits for unpaid federal debts, including student loans. 
       
Access to Frontline Health Care Act 
HR 2042
Sponsor:
Rep. Loebsack (D-IA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
4/6/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would establish a "Frontline Providers Loan Repayment Program" within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under the Public Health Service Act. The new loan repayment program would allow for repayment assistance for health professionals who commit to two years of service in "frontline scarcity areas." Amount of loan repayment assistance to be determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services. 
       
Student Security Act
HR 1937
Sponsor:
Rep. Garrett (R-VA)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (2 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
4/5/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would provide loan forgiveness "credits" to federal student loan borrowers in exchange for voluntarily delaying receipt of social security benefits. Each credit equals $550 in loan cancellations. The number of credits a borrower elects to receive delays receipt of social security benefits by the equivalent number of months. 
       
Environmental Health Workforce Act
HR 1909
Sponsor:
Rep. Lawrence (D-MI)
Co-Sponsors:
11 (0 R; 11 D)
Introduced:
4/5/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would, among other provisions, add full-time "environmental health workers" as a qualifying occupation for the purposes of public service loan forgiveness (PSLF). 
       
Reigniting Opportunity for Innovators Act
S. 848 Sponsor:
Sen. Hassan (D-NH)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
4/5/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill aims to encourage entrepreneurship by providing the option for non-interest accruing deferment to qualifying small business start-up founders and employees for up to three years. In addition, if the start-up is located in an "economically distressed" area, founders and employees are eligible for loan cancellation up to $20,000. 
       
College for All Act
S. 806 Sponsor:
Sen. Sanders (I-VT)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (0 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
4/3/2017
HR 1880 Sponsor:
Rep. Pramila (D-WA)
Co-Sponsors:
35 (0 R; 35 D)
Introduced:
4/4/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This comprehensive piece of legislation would create a grant program to states to eliminate tuition at public 4-year colleges and universities and tribal colleges for students from any family making $125,000 or less. The bill would cut interest rates and impose an interest rate cap of 5% for undergraduate borrowers and 8.25% for graduate and parent borrowers, while also allowing borrowers to refinance loans at the current interest rates. Any excess revenue in the Direct Loan Program would be redirected into to the Pell Grant Program. The bill would also increase Federal Work Study (FWS) authorized funding levels and revise the FWS allocation formula by eliminating the "base guarantee" component in the current formula. In addition, TRIO and GEAR UP would see increases to authorized funding levels. 
       
Dynamic Repayment Act
S. 799 Sponsor:
Sen. Warner (D-VA)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
3/30/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill would replace current loans, subsidies, deferments, forbearances, and repayment options with a single loan called the Income Dependent Education Assistance (IDEA) Loan, repaid through universal income-driven repayment and employer withholding. 
       
Physical Therapist Workforce and Patient Access Act
S. 619 Sponsor:
Sen. Tester (D-MT)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (1 R; 0 D; 1 I)
Introduced:
3/14/2017
HR 1639 Sponsor:
Rep. Shimkus (R-IL)
Co-Sponsors:
43 (10 R; 33 D)
Introduced:
3/20/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This measure would add physical therapy to the list of eligible fields for the National Health Service Corps Loan Repayment Program.
       
VA Health Care Provider Education Debt Relief Act
HR 1506
Sponsor:
Rep. O'Rourke (D-TX)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (1 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
3/10/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would increase the maximum amount of education debt eligible for forgiveness for health care professionals employed at the Department of Veterans Affairs through the VA education debt reduction program. 
       
HANG UP Act
S. 564 Sponsor:
Sen. Markey (D-MA)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
3/8/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The Help Americans Never Get Unwanted Phone Calls (HANG UP) Act eliminates a provision allowing the federal government and its contractors to use predictive dialer technology to collect a debt owed to or guaranteed by the United States, which includes federal student loans.
       
NEST Act   
S. 458 Sponsor:
Sen. Tester (D-MT)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
2/27/2017
HR 2727 Sponsor:
Rep. Ruiz (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/25/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the Native Educator Support and Training (NEST) Act, would establish scholarships, loan forgiveness plans, and training programs for educators who commit to teaching in Native American or Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools. The bill would create three scholarship programs, including two for Indian students seeking undergraduate or graduate degrees, and one for students seeking undergraduate degrees, for students who commit to teaching in a BIE school for at least three years. The bill expands teacher loan forgiveness for educators who work in a native school for a least 5 years (up to $17,500). The bill also provides grants for institutions of higher education looking to develop training programs for Native American immersion and language teachers.
       
REST Act
S. 457 Sponsor:
Sen. Tester (D-MT)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
2/27/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: In addition to providing grants to students who commit to pursue rural education as a career path, this bill, the Rural Educator Support and Training (REST) Act, would expand teacher loan forgiveness for educators who work in a rural school for a least 5 years (up to $17,500).
       
Student Loan Fairness Act 
HR 1127 Sponsor:
Rep. Bass (D-CA)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
2/16/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would create the “10/10 Loan Repayment Plan” that allows borrowers to pay 10 percent of their annual discretionary income and forgives the remaining loan balance after ten years of payment. The bill caps new direct loan interest rates at 3.4 percent and significantly modifies Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) by reducing the required number of qualifying payments from 120 to 60 and including physicians in "Medically Underserved Areas." The bill also allows certain borrowers with private education loans to consolidate them into a direct consolidation loan. The bill excludes loan forgiveness under income-driven repayment plans from gross income for the purposes of income tax.
       
Young Farmer Success Act
HR 1060 Sponsor:
Rep. Courtney (D-CT)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (3 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
2/7/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would qualify full-time employees or managers of a "qualified farm or ranch" for forgiveness benefits under Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF). A "qualified farm or ranch" is defined as a farm or ranch whose gross revenue is equal to or greater than $35,000, indexed annually to inflation. 
       
ASPIRE Act
HR 926 Sponsor:
Rep. Soto (D-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (0 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
2/7/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill, the American Science Principal and Interest Reduction and Employment Act, would forgive 25% of the loan principal of any Federal Direct Loan for students who graduate with an undergraduate STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) degree or certificate. In addition, parents who borrow on behalf of a dependent student who graduates with an undergraduate STEM degree or certificate are eligible for 25% principal forgiveness on their PLUS loan(s). 
       
Stop Debt Collection Abuse Act 
HR 864 Sponsor:
Rep. Love (R-UT)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (1 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
2/3/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill amends the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) to make clear that the protections from overly aggressive debt collection practices also apply to debt collection agents hired by the federal government, including for servicers of federal student loans.
       
Investing in Student Success Act
S. 268 Sponsor:
Sen. Young (R-IN)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (2 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
2/1/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This legislation works to establish the legal and tax framework for income-share agreements (ISAs).
       
Terrorism Survivors Student Loan Deferment Act
S. 149 Sponsor:
Sen. Rubio (R-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
1/17/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow survivors of terrorist attacks, as determined by the federal agency investigating the attack, to defer loan payments for one year, not counting against the three-year deferment allowance. The bill applies to Direct Loans, Perkins Loans, and FFELP Loans.
 
Encourage our Educators Act
HR 414 Sponsor:
Rep. Lawrence (D-MI)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
1/10/2017
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This measure would allow teachers to qualify for both teacher loan forgiveness and public service loan forgiveness. It increases the teacher loan forgiveness amount from $5,000 to $17,500 and shortens the employment requirement for teacher loan forgiveness from five years to three.

 

114th Session of Congress (2016-2017)

 

Stopping Abusive Student Loan Collection Practices in Bankruptcy Act
HR 100 Sponsor:
Rep. Conyers (D-MI, 13)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
1/6/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill amends federal bankruptcy law to allow an individual whose student loan debt is discharged due to undue hardship to recover the costs of, and a reasonable attorney's fee for, the discharge proceeding if the court finds that the position of the creditor was not substantially justified.

 

Repay Act
S. 85 Sponsor:
Sen. King (I-ME)
Co-Sponsors:
11 (7 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
1/7/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This piece of legislation would streamline Direct Loan repayment plan options for student borrowers. New student borrowers would choose between two repayment plans: a fixed 10-year plan (renamed and otherwise unchanged from the current “standard” plan) or a simplified income-driven repayment (SIDR) plan. Plans available to parent PLUS borrowers and student borrowers who don't qualify as new borrowers would remain unchanged.

 

Financial Aid Simplification and Transparency Act (FAST Act)
S.108 Sponsor:
Sen. Alexander (R-TN)
Co-Sponsors:
11 (7 R; 3 D; 1 I)
Introduced:
1/7/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill would eliminate the FAFSA in favor of a 2-question postcard, move to a 1 grant/1 loan program, reinstate year-round Pell, provide authority to limit loans, among several other changes.

 

American Indian Teacher Loan Forgiveness Act
HR 386 Sponsor:
Rep. Ruiz (D-CA, 36)
Co-Sponsors:
12 (0 R; 12 D)
Introduced:
1/14/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: Would provide up to $17,500 of loan forgiveness to borrowers who: (1) are a member of an Indian tribe, and (2) have been employed as a full-time teacher for five consecutive complete school years in an Indian school or in a local educational agency that serves at least 10 Indian students or whose schools have an enrollment of students at least 25% of which are Indians.

 

Discharge Student Loans in Bankruptcy Act
HR 449 Sponsor:
Rep. Delaney (D-MD, 6)
Co-Sponsors:
17 (2 R; 15 D)
Introduced:
1/21/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow student loans to be discharged in bankruptcy.

 

Student Loan Refinancing Act
HR 649 Sponsor:
Rep. Pocan (D-WI, 2)
Co-Sponsors:
51 (3 R; 48 D)
Introduced:
2/2/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This legislation would allow students to refinance Direct Loans at the interest rate at the time of the modification.

 

Eliminating the Hidden Student Loan Tax Act
HR 1285 Sponsor:
Rep. Davis (D-CA, 53)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
3/4/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would eliminate origination fees on all Direct Loans.

 

Student Loan Borrower Bill of Rights
S. 840 Sponsor:
Sen. Durbin (D-IL)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
3/23/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This comprehensive legislation would require lenders to provide information and disclosures at designated points in the repayment process and adds certain servicing standards for both federal and private loans.

 

Fairness in Student Loan Lending Act
HR 1131 Sponsor:
Rep. McDermott (D-WA, 7)
Co-Sponsors:
17 (0 R; 17 D)
Introduced:
2/26/2015
S. 729 Sponsor:
Sen. Durbin (D-IL)
Co-Sponsors:
15 (0 R; 15 D)
Introduced:
3/12/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow student loan borrowers in good standing to refinance their loans to a rate equal to the 10-year Treasury note on the last day of business of the previous month plus one percent. Furthermore, the bill would allow borrowers to discharge private student loans in bankruptcy.

 

Student Loan Borrowers' Bill of Rights Act
HR 1352 Sponsor:
Rep. Wilson (D-FL, 24)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
3/10/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill restores bankruptcy protections for federal and private student loans, establishes a statute of limitations on student loan debt collection, creates new protections against discrimination in professional licensing, and prohibits the garnishment of wages, tax refunds, and Social Security benefits.

 

Bank on Students Emergency Loan Refinancing Act
S. 793 Sponsor:
Rep. Warren (D-MA)
Co-Sponsors:
35 (0 R; 34 D; 1 I)
Introduced:
3/18/2015
HR 1434 Sponsor:
Rep. Courtney (D-CT, 2)
Co-Sponsors:
181 (0 R; 181 D)
Introduced:
3/18/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This legislation would allow eligible student loan borrowers to refinance their federal loans to lower interest rates and to refinance private student loans into the federal student loan program. The bill's budgetary offset comes from eliminating certain tax loopholes.

 

Private Student Loan Bankruptcy Fairness Act
HR 1674 Sponsor:
Rep. Cohen (D-TN, 9)
Co-Sponsors:
41 (0 R; 41 D)
Introduced:
3/262015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow private student loans to be discharged in bankruptcy.

 

Protecting All College Tuition (PACT) Act
HR 2267 Sponsor:
Rep. Collins (R-NY, 27)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (3 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/12/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill would establish that college tuition payments qualify under the “reasonably equivalent value” bankruptcy standard, exempting tuition payments from bankruptcy practices.

 

College for All Act
S. 1373 Sponsor:
Sen. Sanders (I-VT)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/19/2015
HR 4385 Sponsor:
Rep. Grayson (D-FL, 9)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (0 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
1/13/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The comprehensive legislation would create a grant program to states to eliminate tuition at public 4-year colleges and universities. The bill would cut interest rates and impose a cap of 8.25% and allow borrowers to refinance loans at the current interest rates. The bill would also expand Federal Work Study (FWS) and create a pilot program to assess the need to complete the FAFSA annually. The budgetary offset comes from imposing certain taxes and fees on stocks, bonds, and derivatives.

 

Andrew's Law
S. 1384 Sponsor:
Sen. Schumer (D-NY)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
5/19/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill would discharge the repayment obligations of the estate of a borrower and any cosigner of a private educational loan if the borrower dies.

 

Young Farmer Success Act
HR 2590 Sponsor:
Rep. Gibson (R-NY, 19)
Co-Sponsors:
13 (2 R; 11 D)
Introduced:
6/1/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill adds new and beginning farmers to the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program.

 

Adjunct Faculty Loan Fairness Act
S. 1556 Sponsor:
Sen. Durbin (D-IL)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
6/11/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill allows part-time adjunct faculty members to qualify for the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program.

 

Teacher Loan Repayment Act (TELORA)
S. 1892 Sponsor:
Sen. Hatch (R-UT)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (1 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
7/29/2015
HR 3359 Sponsor:
Rep. Kilmer (D-WA, 6)
Co-Sponsors:
5 (2 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
7/29/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This legislation would eliminate several teacher loan forgiveness programs in favor of a single, to-be-created one. Further, the legislation provides incentives for states to contribute to teacher loan repayment and is limited to teachers working in low-income schools.

 

Teach Our Teachers Act
HR 3366 Sponsor:
Rep. Lawrence (D-MI, 14)
Co-Sponsors:
16 (0 R; 16 D)
Introduced:
7/29/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This measure would allow teachers to qualify for both teacher loan forgiveness and public service loan forgiveness and makes several other minor adjustments.

 

Access to Fair Financial Options for Repaying Debt (AFFORD) Act
S. 1948 Sponsor:
Sen. Merkley (D-OR)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
8/5/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This legislation would replace all current Direct Loan repayment plans with two: an income-based repayment (IBR) plan that is modeled on, but differs from, Pay As You Earn (PAYE), and a fixed repayment plan that would provide up to 25 years to repay depending on the amount borrowed.

 

Student Debt Repayment Fairness Act
HR 3450 Sponsor:
Rep. Kildee (D-MI, 5)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/8/2015
HR 6150 Sponsor:
Rep. Kildee (D-MI, 5)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/22/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would prohibit private lenders from accelerating loan repayment in the event of death or disability of the loan’s co-signer.

 

Student Loan Bankruptcy Parity Act
HR 3451 Sponsor:
Rep. Kildee (D-MI, 5)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/8/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow student loans to be discharged in bankruptcy.

 

Private Education Loan Modification Act
S. 2050 Sponsor:
Sen. Heitkamp (D-ND)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/17/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This legislation would allow students to refinance private student loans at lower interest rates.

 

Student Loan Debt Protection Act
HR 3634 Sponsor:
Rep. Wilson (D-FL, 24)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (0 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
9/28/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This extensive measure would establish student loan borrowers’ rights to basic consumer protections, flexible repayment options, access to earned credentials, and loan cancellation in exchange for public service.

 

Student Loan Relief Act
S. 2099 Sponsor:
Sen. Ayotte (R-NH)
Co-Sponsors:
2 (2 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/29/2015
HR 4102 Sponsor:
Rep. Comstock (R-VA, 10)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
11/19/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow borrowers to refinance their federal student loans into the private market into federally guaranteed loans. In addition, this legislation creates a new tool to allow employers to help qualified employees repay student loans with pre-tax dollars.

 

Student Borrower Fairness Act
HR 3675 Sponsor:
Rep. DeSaulnier (D-CA, 11)
Co-Sponsors:
6 (0 R; 6 D)
Introduced:
10/1/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow borrowers to refinance their student loans at the interest rates offered to banks by the Federal Reserve.

  

Earnings Contingent Education Loans (ExCEL) Act
HR 3695 Sponsor:
Rep. Zeldin (R-NY, 1)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
10/6/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This comprehensive bill, which is practically identical to HR 3752, would eliminate the Direct Loan Program and instead establish an "Income Dependent Education Assistance (IDEA)" Loan Program. The new program would include a universal income-based repayment component with automatic wage withholding as the mechanism for repayment.

 

Federal Student Loan Refinancing Act
HR 3751 Sponsor:
Rep. Peters (D-CA, 52)
Co-Sponsors:
12 (0 R; 12 D)
Introduced:
10/9/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This measure would automatically refinance interest rates on all federal student loans to four percent.

 

Earnings Contingent Education Loans (ExCEL) Act
HR 3752 Sponsor:
Rep. Polis (D-CO, 2)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
10/9/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This comprehensive bill, which is practically identical to HR 3695, would eliminate the Direct Loan Program and instead establish an "Income Dependent Education Assistance (IDEA)" Loan Program. The new program would include a universal income-based repayment component with automatic wage withholding as the mechanism for repayment.

 

Rural Educator Support and Training (REST) Act
S. 2190 Sponsor:
Sen. Tester (D-MT)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
10/21/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: In addition to providing grants to students who commit to pursue rural education as a career path, this bill would provide loan forgiveness up to $17,500 to teachers who teach in rural schools for a minimum of 5 years.

 

Student Loan Fair Prepayment Act
HR 3786 Sponsor:
Rep. Davis (D-CA, 53)
Co-Sponsors:
6 (0 R; 6 D)
Introduced:
10/21/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would require extra payments on student loans to apply toward the principal of the loan first before applying to future payments or interest.

 

Recruiting and Retaining Effective School Leaders Act
HR 3925 Sponsor:
Rep. Davis (D-CA, 53)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
11/4/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would establish a Direct Loan forgiveness program for principals who serve in low-income elementary and secondary schools for at least one school year.

 

Help Americans Never Get Unwanted Phone Calls (HANGUP) Act
S. 2235 Sponsor:
Sen. Markey (D-MA)
Co-Sponsors:
19 (1 R; 17 D; 1 I)
Introduced:
11/4/2015
HR 4682 Sponsor:
Rep. Duckworth (D-IL, 18)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (0 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
3/3/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill eliminates a provision allowing the federal government and its contractors to use predictive dialer technology to collect a debt owed to or guaranteed by the United States, which includes federal student loans.

 

Student Loan Payment Optimization Act
HR 3947 Sponsor:
Rep. Deutch (D-FL, 21)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (0 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
11/5/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This measure would require lenders to apply borrower payments that are for more than the required amount to reduce principal.

 

Student Loan Transfers Disclosure Act
HR 3948 Sponsor:
Rep. Deutch (D-FL, 21)
Co-Sponsors:
10 (0 R; 10 D)
Introduced:
11/5/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would require servicers to notify borrowers if the loan is transferred to another servicer. The student loan transferors and transferees would be required to provide sufficient notice to the borrower and provide information about the loan transfer.

 

Stop Debt Collection Abuse Act
S. 2255 Sponsor:
Sen. Booker (D-NJ)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
11/5/2015
HR 5434 Sponsor:
Rep. Love (R-UT, 4)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (1 R; 2 D)
Introduced:
6/9/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill amends the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) to make clear that the protections from overly aggressive debt collection practices also apply to debt collection agents hired by the federal government, including for servicers of federal student loans.

 

Physician Assistant Higher Education Modernization Act 
HR 3944 Sponsor:
Rep. Bass (D-CA, 37)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (0 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
11/5/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would increase the unsubsidized loan limit for graduate students in physician assistant (PA) programs, authorize loan forgiveness programs for PAs who serve in areas of national need, develop a program to expand PA education programs at rural institutions, make Historically Black Colleges & Universities eligible to receive additional grants and give grant preference to programs at Hispanic Serving Institutions, and increase grant funding opportunities for PA faculty development and technology at PA programs.

 

Protecting Our Students by Terminating Graduate Rates that Add to Debt (POST GRAD) Act
HR 4223 Sponsor:
Rep. Chu (D-CA, 27)
Co-Sponsors:
48 (0 R; 48 D)
Introduced:
12/10/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would again allow graduate and professional students to receive subsidized Stafford loans. The bill would restore eligibility beginning in the 2016-2017 award year.

 

Protection of Social Security Benefits Restoration Act
S. 2387 Sponsor:
Sen. Wyden (D-OR)
Co-Sponsors:
7 (0 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
12/10/2015
HR 4988 Sponsor:
Rep. Murphy (D-FL, 18)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
4/18/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would prohibit the federal government from seizing Social Security benefits for unpaid federal debts, including student loans. 

 

Simple Income-Based Repayment Act
HR 4256 Sponsor:
Rep. Murphy (D-FL, 18)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
12/15/2015
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This piece of legislation would automatically enroll all new borrowers of federal student loans (except Parent PLUS) into Income-Based Repayment (IBR); existing borrowers may opt-in if desired. The bill would require automatic payments through payroll deduction.

 

Dynamic Repayment Act
S. 2456 Sponsor:
Sen. Warner (D-VA)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (1 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
1/20/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: Introduced again in this session of Congress, the bill would replace current loans, subsidies, deferments, forbearances, and repayment options with a single loan called the Income Dependent Education Assistance (IDEA) Loan and would be repaid through income-based repayment and employer withholding. 

 

Strengthening Forgiveness for Public Servants Act
S. 2463 Sponsor:
Sen. Blumenthal (D-CT)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
1/21/2016
HR 5899 Sponsor:
Rep. Swalwell (D-CA, 15)
Co-Sponsors:
8 (0 R; 8 D)
Introduced:
7/14/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This piece of legislation would remove the "all or nothing" component of Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) and allow borrowers employed in public service jobs to receive a percentage of forgiveness if employed in a public service job for less than 10 years. The percentage of the loan that is cancelled varies: for 2-5 years, 15%; for 6-9 years, 20%; and for 10 years, 30%.

 

Parent PLUS Loan Improvement Act
HR 4661 Sponsor:
Rep. Fudge (D-OH, 11)
Co-Sponsors:
9 (0 R; 9 D)
Introduced:
3/2/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill makes several changes to Parent PLUS loans. The legislation would lower interest rates, eliminate the origination fee, require loan entrance counseling, and allow Parent PLUS borrowers to participate in income-contingent and income-based repayment plans. 

 

In the Red Act
S. 2677 Sponsor:
Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
Co-Sponsors:
28 (0 R; 28 D)
Introduced:
3/15/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The In the Red Act would simply combine some of the higher education legislation introduced in the Senate in 2015 by Democrats - including the America’s College Promise Act, which would make two years of community college and the first two years at HBCUs and MSIs tuition free; the Bank on Students Emergency Loan Refinancing Act, which allows borrowers to refinance their loans; and the Pell Grant Cost of Tuition Adjustment Act, which would increase the Pell Grant maximum award to $9,139, indexed annually to inflation -- into one package. The bill also includes language calling for enhanced accountability for institutions, but does not include legislative language to implement any sort of accountability system.

 

Teacher Debt Relief Act
HR 4933 Sponsor:
Rep. Takano (D-CA, 41)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (1 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
4/13/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow teachers to qualify for both Stafford loan teacher forgiveness and forgiveness under Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF). Currently, borrowers are not eligible to use the same service toward both programs. 

 

Fairness in Forgiveness Act
HR 5201 Sponsor:
Rep. Swalwell (D-CA, 15)
Co-Sponsors:
13 (0 R; 13 D)
Introduced:
5/11/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would expand eligibility for public service loan forgiveness to current and former long-time employees at all 16 privately operated Department of Energy National Laboratories. Eligibility would be retroactive to October 1, 2007. 

 

Student Loan Refinancing and Recalculation Act
HR 5274 Sponsor:
Rep. Garamendi (D-CA, 3)
Co-Sponsors:
30 (1 R; 29 D)
Introduced:
5/18/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow for refinancing of both Direct Loans and FFELP Loans. The bill would also lower the percentage add-on to the 10-year Treasury bill in the calculation of interest rates to one percent for undergraduate, graduate, and parent borrowers. In addition, the bill would eliminate origination fees. 

 

Student Loan Fairness Act 
HR 5487 Sponsor:
Rep. Bass (D-CA, 37)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
6/15/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would create the “10/10 Loan Repayment Plan” that allows borrowers to pay 10 percent of their annual discretionary income and forgives the remaining loan balance after ten years of payment. The bill caps new direct loan interest rates at 3.4 percent and expands Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF)  to include physicians in Medically Underserved Areas to qualify. The bill also allows certain borrowers with private education loans to consolidate them into a direct consolidation loan. The bill excludes loan forgiveness under Pay As You Earn (PAYE) and Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE) repayment plans from gross income for the purposes of income tax.

 

Student Loan Interest Rate Parity Act
HR 5567 Sponsor:
Rep. Salmon (R-AZ, 5)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
6/22/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would require that all Federal Direct Stafford Loans, Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford Loans, and Federal Direct PLUS Loans have the same interest rates.

 

Native Education Support and Training (NEST) Act
HR 5700 Sponsor:
Rep. Ruiz (D-CA, 36)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
7/8/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would establish scholarships, loan forgiveness plans, and training programs for educators who commit to teaching in Native American or Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) schools. The bill would create three scholarship programs, including two for Indian students seeking undergraduate or graduate degrees, and one for students seeking undergraduate degrees, for students who commit to teaching in a BIE school for at least three years. To receive loan forgiveness, students must teach for at least five consecutive years. The bill also provides grants for institutions of higher education looking to develop training programs for Native American immersion and language teachers.

 

Streamlining Income-driven, Manageable Payments on Loans for Education (SIMPLE) Act
HR 5962 Sponsor:
Rep. Bonamici (D-OR, 1)
Co-Sponsors:
11 (4 R; 7 D)
Introduced:
9/8/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would auto-enroll delinquent borrowers in an income-driven repayment (IDR) plan and automatically recertify income and family size on an annual basis for borrowers already enrolled in IDR plans.

 

Terrorism Survivors Student Loan Deferment Act
S. 3352 Sponsor:
Sen. Rubio (R-FL)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/19/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would allow survivors of terrorist attacks, as determined by the federal agency investigating the attack, to defer loan payments for one year, not counting against the three-year deferment allowance. The bill applies to Direct Loans, Perkins Loans, and FFEL Loans. 

 

Supporting America’s Young Entrepreneurs Act
HR 6197 Sponsor:
Rep. Velazquez (D-NY, 7)
Co-Sponsors:
3 (0 R; 3 D)
Introduced:
9/28/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This comprehensive bill would allow "founders of small business start-ups" to defer loan payments without interest accruing for up to three years. In addition, after 24 monthly payments, founders of small business start-ups in a "distressed area" can receive $20,000 in forgiveness on their balance.  Employees of a small business start-up would be eligible for $3,000 in forgiveness after 12 monthly payments with an aggregate forgiveness limit of $15,000. Forgiveness under both sections would be tax-exempt. Employees, employers, and distressed areas would be defined and certified by a to-be-created "Young Entrepreneurs Business Center." The bill also creates a "Federal Direct Refinanced Private Loan Program" where any borrower, not only small business employees, can refinance private loans through the federal government with an interest rate of 3.76%. 

 

Public Service Loan Forgiveness Inclusion Act
HR 6205 Sponsor:
Rep. Foster (D-IL, 11)
Co-Sponsors:
4 (0 R; 4 D)
Introduced:
9/28/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill would allow previously ineligible repayment plan payments to become eligible as a "qualifying payment" for the purpose of Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) if a borrower transfers to an eligible repayment plan within five years (first 60 payments) of entering full time employment. Currently ineligible repayment plans for PSLF include the graduated and extended plans.

  

Making College More Affordable Act
HR 6231 Sponsor:
Rep. Cicilline (D-RI, 1)
Co-Sponsors:
10 (0 R; 10 D)
Introduced:
9/28/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill would eliminate undergraduate eligibility for Federal Direct Stafford Loans and instead create the "Federal Interest Free Education Loan," where borrowers would repay their loan through mandated automatic deductions from pre-tax income. The loan would have an aggregate limit of $90,000 over four years only. Borrowers would repay this loan based on a percentage of their income over the course of 30 years, starting at 4% for those borrowers earning less than $100,000 and increasing progressively with a cap at 10% for borrowers making over $150,000. No payment would be due if a borrower's income is below roughly 336.7% of the federal poverty line (currently $40,000 for an individual). In addition, no interest accrues on the loan unless "a borrower is not earning taxable income due to professional negligence, professional incompetence, or malicious action on the part of the borrower." All remaining loan balance would be canceled after 300 monthly payments (25 years). 

 

Helping Improve Grants for Higher Education & Repayment of Expensive Debt (HIGHER ED) Act
HR 6239 Sponsor:
Rep. DeFazio (D-OR, 4)
Co-Sponsors:
0 (0 R; 0 D)
Introduced:
9/28/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill would restore graduate and professional student eligibility for subsidized loans and expand Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) eligibly to adjunct faculty members. In addition, borrowers would be able to discharge federal student loans in bankruptcy and refinance both federal and private loans at current interest rates. This bill would also increase the maximum Pell Grant award to $9,410, indexed annually for inflation, and would restore year-round Pell, while allowing institutions to assign crossover periods and without an acceleration component.

 

Relief and Investment for Student Entrepreneurs (RISE) Act
HR 6250 Sponsor:
Rep. Gallego (D-AZ, 7)
Co-Sponsors:
1 (0 R; 1 D)
Introduced:
9/28/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: The bill offers a three-year interest-free deferment period for federal student loans to "qualified entrepreneurs." The bill also allows entrepreneurs who start businesses in Historically Underutilized Business Zones (HUBZones) to receive up to $17,500 in Direct Loan forgiveness.

 

Student Borrower Higher Education Lending Protection (HELP) Act
HR 6446 Sponsor:
Rep. Pallone (D-NJ, 6)
Co-Sponsors:
5 (0 R; 5 D)
Introduced:
12/06/2016
NASFAA Analysis & Coverage: This bill includes three provisions relating to private lending. The bill would require total loan forgiveness for a borrower with a permanent disability or for a family member who is a cosigner of a loan taken out by a student who later dies. In addition, the bill requires deferment of loan payments for borrowers with a temporary disability. Finally, the bill requires private lenders to disclose their default rates on loan documents. 

  

Return to Legislative Tracker Archive

Publication Date: 2/26/2019


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