Legislative Tracker: Quality & Accountability

Legislative Tracker LogoOn this page, you'll find proposals that seek to improve institutional quality and/or look to hold institutions or individuals responsible for their actions or performance. In addition, this page includes legislation regarding accreditation and matters related to the Department of Education, including structure and regulatory activity.


S. 5155 — Proprietary Education Interagency Oversight Coordination Improvement Act

Sponsor: Sen. Durbin [D-IL]
Cosponsors: 3 (3D; 0R)
Introduced: 11/30/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill establishes the Proprietary Education Interagency Oversight Coordination Committee which aims to improve the coordination of federal oversight of proprietary higher education institutions. This bill calls for the creation of a system that would allow students, parents, and other stakeholders to submit misconduct complaints against for-profit colleges. The bill also puts into place a measure that would require that the committee submit an annual report outlining enforcement actions taken from various federal agencies against those for-profit colleges. Additionally, the committee would also be responsible for creating and publishing a “For-ProfIt College Warning List for Parents and Students,” to aid students in making informed decisions in regards to what their options are for receiving post-secondary education. 

S.5072 — Student Protection and Success Act

Sponsor: Sen. Shaheen [D-NH]
Cosponsors: 1 (0D; 1R)
Introduced: 10/11/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would increase higher education institutions’ accountability for their students’ ability to repay their loans. It would eliminate federal student loan eligibility from a college or university where their cohort repayment rate is equal to or less than 15 percent. This would apply to student borrowers who have not made a payment towards their principal balance in the following three years since graduating or leaving the school. The bill also outlines that if asked by ED, an institution may be required to pay a risk-sharing fee based on the total loan volume that their students are unable to repay to ED. The funds gathered from those fees would then be awarded by ED as grants to institutions that have a proven record of making college more affordable and accessible for low-income and moderate-income students. These grants are to be used to further enhance the institution’s capacity of serving its low and moderate income students by doing things such as awarding more need-based financial aid or expanding academic and student support services.

S.4912 — Make the Universities Pay Act 

Sponsor: Sen. Hawley [R-MO]
Cosponsors: 0 (0D; 0R)
Introduced: 09/27/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would make higher education institutions liable to pay up to 50% of their student’s loan balance if they are in default. The bill would also make student loan debts dischargeable in bankruptcy under a few conditions. Institutions will also be required to submit a statistical analysis report to ED outlining measures of post-college graduate outcomes for the institution as a whole and data for each degree or program of study offered at the institution. 

H.R. 8961 — To abolish the Department of Education

Sponsor: Rep. Gohmert [R-TX]
Cosponsors: 1 (0D; 1R)
Introduced: 09/22/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would abolish the Department of Education and terminate all applicable programs. This does not include the Federal Pell Grant program or the Federal Direct Loan Program. Funds, disbursed through a grant program created and run by the Department of Treasury, will be given directly to states to fund elementary and secondary education.  

S. 4795 — Fostering Postsecondary Success for Foster and Homeless Youth Act of 2022

Sponsor: Sen. Stabenow [D-MI]
Cosponsors: 1 (1D; 0R)
Introduced: 09/07/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would authorize a program that would recognize institutions of higher education if they provide outstanding services and programs to foster and homeless youth. If recognized by ED, those institutions will be designated as “Foster and Homeless Youth Friendly.” To receive such recognition, institutions will need to submit an application to ED detailing the programs and services they provide, which can include things such as mentoring programs, academic support, housing assistance, and financial aid available exclusively to foster care youth and homeless youth, among others. 

S.4772 — COLLEGE Act

Sponsor: Sen. Scott (R-FL)
Cosponsors: 0 (0D; 0R)
Introduced: 08/04/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would require institutions with large endowments who participate in federal financial aid programs to cover a percentage of the cost of attendance of each enrolled full-time student. The greater the endowment of the institution, the higher the percentage they will be required to cover. This bill would require that these institutions collect and submit data to the Department of Education relating to things such as cost of attendance, if the COA has increased throughout from the previous year, the amount of money in their endowment, and if the endowment has increased. The institutions will also be required to submit data to the Department for purposes of program integrity.

H.R.7727 — Accountability in Student Loan Data Act of 2022

Sponsor: Rep. Porter [D-CA] 
Cosponsors: 0 [0D; 0R]
Introduced: 05/11/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would alter how cohort default rates (measure of student loan defaulters within a time period) are derived, and penalizes institutions with a certain percentage of graduates who default on their federal loans.

H.R.7461 — CBE Act of 2022

Sponsor: Rep. Grothman [R-WI]
Cosponsors: 4 (0D; 4R)
Introduced: 04/07/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would further define competency-based education to mean education that measures academic progress and attainment by direct assessment of a student’s level of mastery and/or by expressing a student’s level of mastery in terms of clock or credit hours. 

S.3952 — Student Right to Know Before You Go Act of 2022

Sponsor: Sen. Wyden [D-OR]
Cosponsors: 2 (1D; 1R)
Introduced: 03/30/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would facilitate the creation of a "Higher Education Data System." In addition to all current IPEDS metrics, this system would collect data, such as the percentage of students receiving federal, state, institutional and private loans and grants, student completion rates, mean and median Federal loan debt, loan repayment rates at 2-, 6-, and 15-year intervals, information on transfer students, and drop percentages. The data would also look at different student groups such as, enrollment status, veteran status, Pell Grant status, gender, age, and first-generation status. 

H.R.7150 — Not Titled: Foreign Support for Institutions

Sponsor: Rep. Banks [R-IN]
Cosponsors: 0
Introduced: 03/18/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would require institutions to disclose when they receive a gift or enters into a contract with a foreign source, for an amount or value of more than $50,000. 

H.R.7141 — College Completion Fund Act of 2022

Sponsor: Rep. Stansbury [D-NM]
Cosponsors: 2 (2D; 0R)
Introduced: 03/17/2022
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would create a grant program aimed at providing funds to public institutions to support student services. The funds would be primarily used to support students from low-income backgrounds, first-generation college students, parenting students, and other historically underrepresented student populations. The funds would be made available to States, and then institutions would apply for the grant from the state they are located in. 

H.R.6666/S.3616— Higher Education Access and Success for Homeless and Foster Youth Act of 2022

Sponsor: Rep. Clark [D-MA]
Cosponsors: 1 (0D; 1R)
Introduced: 02/09/2022
Sponsor: Sen. Murray [D-WA]
Cosponsors: 1 (0D; 1R)
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would require institutions of higher education to develop a plan to assist and give priority to homeless and foster youth for any on-campus housing during and between academic terms. It would also require institutions to prioritize homeless and foster youth in Federal Work-Study positions and provide a means for students to access institutionally owned or operated housing if a student is temporarily unable to meet financial obligations related to housing. 


H.R.5103 — Quality Higher Education Act of 2021

Sponsor: Rep. Wilson [D-FL]
Cosponsors: 14 (14D; 0R)
Introduced: 08/24/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would initiate a negotiated rulemaking session to establish rules and regulations that an accreditation agency or association must follow when an institution of higher education in their jurisdiction fails to meet their accreditation standards. The rulemaking session would also establish standards that shall be used by all accreditation agencies or associations, such as standards for student completion rates and workforce participation. It would also require accreditors to be more transparent about how they evaluate schools.

S.2593 — GIFTs in Higher Education Act

Sponsor: Sen. Rubio [R-FL]
Cosponsors: 1 (0D; 1R)
Introduced: 08/03/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would hold institutions accountable for gifts or donations received from foreign adversaries, under Section 117 of the HEA. The bill would expand Section 117 disclosure requirements​​ to include faculty, professional staff and all staff engaged in research and development in addition to institutions of higher education and would require gifts and contracts from certain sources to be disclosed within 30 days if valued at $50,000 or more in a calendar year.  

H.R.4596 — Student Records Protection Act

Sponsor: Rep. Cartwright [D-PA]
Cosponsors: 5 (3D; 2R)
Introduced: 07/21/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would require colleges and universities to establish record-management plans in order to be eligible for accreditation. These record management plans would be designed to provide for the custody and continued access of student records, including student transcripts, billing, and financial aid records. 

S.2054  — Partnerships for Affordability and Student Success Act

Sponsor: Sen. Jack Reed [D-RI]
Cosponsors: 1 (1R)
Introduced: 06/15/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would amend the Higher Education Act (HEA) to reestablish a federal-state partnership aimed at increasing need-based student aid, providing institutional grants to improve student outcomes and reduce college costs, and build public accountability for higher education institutions. In order to receive the federal investment, states would need to maintain their investment in higher education and have a comprehensive plan for postsecondary education with measurable goals for access, affordability, and student outcomes. 

S.2237 — Community College Student Success Act of 2021 

Sponsor: Sen. Schatz [D-HI]
Cosponsors: 1 (1D)
Introduced: 06/24/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would authorize $10 billion in grant funding for the planning and execution of comprehensive wraparound support services for full-time community college students including free tutoring, textbooks, and transportation. An additional $5 billion would be authorized to offer these same services to part-time students as well. These resources would be designed to increase the graduation rates and transfer rates to 4-year institutions. 

S.2301 — College Equity Act of 2021

Sponsor: Sen. Schatz [D-HI]
Cosponsors: 4 (4D)
Introduced: 06/24/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would offer colleges and universities funding to address disparities in higher education recruitment, admissions, and support. If enacted, this bill would provide funding for institutions to examine how institutional practices contribute to achievement gaps, create grants for institutions to develop and execute plans to address these findings, and encourage sharing of these findings with higher education accreditation agencies.

S.1719 — Fast Track To and Through College Act

Sponsor: Sen. Hassan [D-NH]
Introduced: 05/19/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would increase rates of college completion and reduce college costs by accelerating time to degree, aligning secondary and postsecondary education, and improving postsecondary credit transfer. More specifically, this bill would establish a competitive grant program for states to create a comprehensive early college strategy that aligns secondary and postsecondary course work, improves postsecondary credit transfer, and allows federal Pell Grants to cover dual-enrollment costs for low-income students enrolled in a fast track program.

H.R.2700 — For-Profit College Conversion Accountability Act

Sponsor: Rep. McBath [D-GA]
Cosponsors: 2
Introduced: 04/20/2021 
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill outlines the process and strengthens accountability measures for converting a proprietary (for-profit) institution of higher education to a nonprofit institution of higher education.

H.R.2106 — To terminate the Department of Education.

Sponsor: Rep. Rouzer [R-NC]
Cosponsors: 1
Introduced: 03/19/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would terminate the Department of Education. 

H.R.2048/S.848 — Consider Teachers Act of 2021

Sponsor: Del. Norton Holmes [D-DC]
Cosponsors: 0
Introduced: 03/18/2021
Sponsor: Sen. Braun [R-IN]
Cosponsors: 3
Introduced: 03/18/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would create a process for TEACH grant recipients to initiate a “reconsideration of conversation decision”, in the case that their TEACH grant was turned into a federal loan because the Department of Education determined that the recipient failed to comply with the TEACH service obligation. If the conversion to a loan was completed unjustly, the bill requires that ED reinstate the recipients grant, discharge any fees or interest that may have accumulated, refund any loan payments made, or apply those payments to other outstanding direct loans if applicable, and request that consumer reporting agencies remove any negative credit reporting. The bill would also extend the service obligation time period to 8 years for recipients who had their grants changed to loans unfairly. 

H.R.1912 — Keep College Students Learning Act

Sponsor: Rep. Davis [R-IL]
Cosponsors: 0
Introduced: 03/16/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would allow students who are set to attend college in the upcoming semester and who are received a scholarship or financial aid from that college, to have the ability to hold off on attending for up to an academic year if that college is not offering in-person instruction at the same levels as the Fall 2019 semester, and keep their aid for when the student does return to campus for in-person classes. 

H.R.1222/S.383 — POST Act of 2021

Sponsor: Rep. Cohen [D-TN] 
Cosponsors: 3
Introduced: 02/23/2021
Sponsor: Sen. Durbin [D-IL]
Cosponsors: 9
Introduced: 02/23/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would prohibit for-profit colleges and universities from receiving more than 85 percent of their revenue from the federal government and change the calculation of federal revenue to include all federal funds, including Department of Veterans Affairs GI Bill and Department of Defense Tuition Assistance benefits.

H.R.899 — To terminate the Department of Education.

Sponsor: Rep. Massie [R-KY]
Cosponsors: 8
Introduced: 02/05/2021
NASFAA Summary & Analysis: This bill would terminate the Department of Education. 


Legislative Tracker Overview   |   Archive: Quality & Accountability

Publication Date: 1/5/2023

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